Ophthalmic oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with tumors relating to the eye and its adnexa. Eye cancer can affect all parts of the eye. Eye cancers can be primary – which starts within the eye – or metastatic – which spread to the eye from other organs. The two most common cancers that spread to the eye from other organs are breast cancer and lung cancer. However, cancer from the prostate, kidney, thyroid or skin and colon lymphoma and leukemia also have remote chances to spread to the eyes. Tumors in the eye and orbit can be either benign or malignant. For example, tumors such as dermoid cysts are benign, while one like rhabdomyosarcoma are malignant.
The most common eyelid tumor is called Basal Cell Carcinoma. This tumor can grow around the eye but rarely spreads to other parts of the body. Other types of common eyelid cancers include Squamous Carcinoma, Sebaceous Carcinoma and malignant Melanoma.
Ocular or ophthalmic oncology aims at saving the life of patients by successfully removing the tumor along with best efforts to preserve vision. We at MSCC also give importance to cosmetic appearance of the patient after the surgery.
The treatment of ocular tumors is a multi-specialty effort that requires coordination between ophthalmologists, medical oncologists, radiation specialists, head & neck surgeons / ENT surgeons, pediatricians/internal medicine/hospitalists and a multidisciplinary team of support staff and nurses.
The Mazumdar-Shaw Cancer Centre’s (MSCC) breast department is the first dedicated breast cancer unit in South India. This world-class cancer center is the brain child of Dr. Devi Shetty and Dr. Kiran Mazumdar and comes with the state of the art infrastructure, oncoplastic surgeons and breast oncologists.
Breast cancer is now one of the most common cancers found among Indian women. The prevalence of this cancer varies between 26 – 31 lakh population in cities and approximately 8 lakh in rural India.
Every year in India there are close to 1 lakh new cases of breast cancer being reported. With a 3% rise every year, there will be around 2.5 lakh cases diagnosed by the year 2015.
While breast cancer is considered as a disease of the old in western countries, it is seen a decade earlier in India – mostly around the age of 49. This cancer also has the highest mortality ratio in the world.
MSCC’s multidisciplinary clinic is designed to evaluate patients with known or suspected breast cancer. The clinic is committed to a single-day comprehensive patient evaluation by surgical oncologists, medical oncologists and radiation oncologists incorporating all the resources available for the education, diagnosis, treatment and research of breast cancer.
The breast is made up of ducts and peripheral lobes. Each breast has 15 to 20 lobes, which have many smaller sections called lobules. These lobules are tiny bulbs that produce milk. The lobes with lobules are connected to the nipple by thin tubes called ducts.
Each breast is supplied and drained by blood vessels and Lymphatics. The lymph vessels carry lymph to the draining lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small bean-shaped structures that are found throughout the body. They filter lymph and store cells that help fight infection and disease. These lymph nodes are found near the breast in the armpit (under the arm), above the collarbone, and in the chest.
A diagnosis of breast cancer can be stressful and overwhelming. However, our dedicated team at the breast cancer unit assist the patients and their caregivers ensuring all the required support. If you have any questions regarding breast cancer, you can always directly discuss with a member of our team.